Fish, Tanks and Ponds


Fish, Tanks and Ponds
A comprehensive guide to fish

V.M.D - Medications for fish

Synodontis acanthomias (hybrid)
Synodontis acanthomias

Introduction

The V.M.D. (Veterinary medication directorate) is the government body (in the UK) which regulates which drugs which are available to buy and which are controlled and only available through a vet or other qualified person. When a drug or chemical is approved it can be included in treatments which are available with out a prescription.

Medication categories

The following categories of medication are defined by the regulations, and should be displayed clearly on the label of any veterinary medication.

  • POM-V or prescription only medicine – veterinarian. Drugs in this class require a clinical assessment of the animal by a qualified vet.
  • POM-VPS or prescription only medicine – veterinarian, pharmacist or suitably qualified person (S.Q.P). Medicines in this category also require a prescription, but the animal does not have to be clinically assessed or be under the care of a vet.
  • NFA-VPS or non food producing animal – veterinarian, pharmacist, SQP. Medicines in this category do not require a prescription, but must be supplied by a vet, pharmacist or SQP
  • AVM - GSL or authorized veterinary medicine – general sales list. Medicines in this category may be supplied to anyone by any retailer, but must be supplied responsibly by veterinary practices.
  • NFA-VPS or non food producing animal – veterinarian, pharmacist, SQP. Medicines in this category do not require a prescription, but must be supplied by a vet, pharmacist or SQP
  • AVM - GSL or authorized veterinary medicine – general sales list. Medicines in this category may be supplied to anyone by any retailer, but must be supplied responsibly by veterinary practices.

Who is a qualified person

Only the following categories are legally classed as suitably qualified people:

  • A veterinary surgeon registered with the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS)
  • A pharmacist registered with the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB)
  • A suitably qualified person registered with the Animal Medicines Training Regulatory Authority (AMTRA).

Exemptions

Under the V.M.D guidelines there is a small animal exemption scheme where certain medications are exempt from the previously mentioned controls and are more freely available for certain uses.

Fish kept in a closed water system are covered by the small animal exemption scheme.

The full list of approved products and chemicals can be found by clicking the link below,

Chemicals allowed under the VMD - April, 2012 (pdf)

 

References

Wiki Vet - drug legislation.
British small animal veterinary association
Defra - V.M.D, exemptions for small pet animals