Fish, Tanks and Ponds

Fish, Tanks and Ponds
A comprehensive guide to fish

Telescopic Eyed Moor

Telescopic eyed moor Telescopic Eyed Moor


Telescopic eyed moors originate from China where they are known as Dragon eyes. The name isn't specific to telescopic eyed moors but to all telescopic eyed goldfish. Their Japanese name is Kuro demekin.

Special features

  • Twin tailed
  • Paired anal fins.
  • Telescopic eyes.
  • Completely black in colour


  • Temp - 65 to 70°F.
  • Ammonia/Nitrite - no trace.
  • Nitrate - less than 20ppm.
  • pH - 7.5
  • GH - avoid extremes.
  • KH - 5 to 12.

Often referred to as the "telescopic eyed black moor" this is incorrect because in this case the term moor means black. The correct name for this variety is "telescopic eyed moor". Telescopic eyed moors are generally quite healthy and don't seem to suffer the same problems that many of the other varieties of round bodied goldfish. Their eyes are not house in their sockets and this means that they have very little protection against accidental damage and they must be housed with this in mind. Use soft or well rounded decor and avoid anything sharp in their aquarium.

They can be housed with other round bodied goldfish but not with fish of a more natural shape because they will be bullied and won't be able to compete for food.

They must never be housed in an outdoor pond because they will be very easily picked off by the first predator to pass by.

Goldfish are omnivores with a slight preference for vegetable matter. The main thing when it comes to feeding them is to ensure they have a balanced diet for healthy growth and resistance to disease. Their mouths are slightly down-turned and it isn't natural for them to feed at the surface and it can lead to swim bladder and other digestive problems if they are forced to, so ideally all dried food should be pre soaked prior to feeding so that it will sink. Suitable food

  • Pellets preferably sinking ones Algae wafers
  • Pre soaked flake food.
  • Lettuce, cooked Peas without their skin, Brown Bread
  • Live or frozen Bloodworms, Adult Brine Shrimp, Daphnia.
  • Freeze dried Tubifex.

If you go away on holiday rather than risk someone with no experience feeding them it is better if the fish are left without food.

For a healthy Goldfish to go two weeks with no food will do no harm at all. Being cold blooded their food requirements are far less than an equivalent sized mammal but the risk of over feeding poses a very real threat to their lives.

Ethical note

Apart from easily damaged eyes telescopic eyed moors are quite healthy and hardy.


  • Depth of body to be greater than 2/3rds of body length.
  • Eyes to be projecting from surface of head.
  • Dorsal fin to be single, all other fins to be paired, caudal fin to be divided
  • Minimum length of caudal fin to be 3/4 of body length Trailing edge of caudal fin to have no apparent fork or pointed lobes.
  • Extremities of other fins to have a rounded appearance.
  • Minimum length of body to be 5.5 cm (2¼ inches) .

Other areas of judging include:

  • The fish should be healthy, active and alert, with a short body with a smooth outline.
  • The eyes should be prominent with good development and well matched; these eyes are not the same type as on the globe-eye, they should be spherical and not truncated cones.
  • The dorsal fin should be carried high and erect with no folds, and the caudal fins (tails) and anal fins should be completely divided.

In the UK the standard is for the fish to have the veiltail finnage, in the Orient the standard is for the fish have deeply forked tails.


Black only. The colour should be deep black only without a trace of bronze, brown or silver.

Points system

  • Body 20
  • Colour 20
  • Finnage 20
  • Special characteristics 20
  • Condition and deportment 20
  • Total 100

telescopic eyed moor
Telescopic eyed moor


The following goldfish varieties require exactly the same care because only the colour is different.

Telescopic eyed goldfish
Telescopic eyed goldfish

Panda goldfish
Panda goldfish



Bristol Aquarist Society