Amatitlania: Named for the type locality of the type species; 'Amatitlán' means 'a place abundant in amate' in Nahuatl, 'amate' is a kind of rustic paper made from the bark of Ficus petiolaris or Ficus indica
A. nigrofasciata is a very adaptable and hardy species which has been widely introduced beyond its natural range including the UK. There was a stretch of the Leeds Liverpool canal where the water was artificially warm due to the water being used for a cooling process from a large glass manufacturer. Some fish were released there reportedly from a closed down pet shop and several species of released fish managed to establish viable populations including the convict cichlid. I personally caught three wild pairs from that location.
Wild convict cichlids Feed on worms, crustaceans, insects, fish and plant matter. In captivity they will accept all food. Convict cichlids are bold aggressive feeders who will always get their share even when housed with much larger species. Use a varied diet which includes a good quality flake or granular food supplemented with live or frozen blood worms, daphnia, glass worms, chopped prawns and shell fish.
Males are larger and have longer and more pointed fins, females have gold coloured scales along their flanks.
One of the easiest egg layers to breed and convict cichlids are very good parents which is very rewarding to witness.
The wild population has not been evaluated but convict cichlids are very prolific and extremely wide spread. They are not facing any major threats across their range. Almost all convict cichlids offered for sale are bred in captivity.
Juan Schmitter Soto’s paper, “A systematic revision of the genus Archocentrus (Perciformes: Cichlidae), May/June 2008.
pH: 7 - 8
dGH: 9 - 20
Temperature: 22 - 28°C (72 - 82°F)
Size: 10cm (4in)
Min tank size: 100 litres
Difficulty level: Intermediate
Aquarium type: Community
Swimming level: All levels
Origin: Central America from Guatemala to Costa Rica, and on the western coast from Honduras to Panama. Widely introduced beyond its natural range.
Habitat: Adults inhabit flowing water from small creeks and streams to the shallows of large and fast flowing rivers. Prefer rocky habitats and finds sanctuary in the various cracks and crevices provided by this type of environment, or among roots and debris. They occur in warm pools of springs and their effluents
Species: A. nigrofasciata (Günther, 1867)
Other common names:
Synonyms: Archocentrus nigrofasciatus, Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum, Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus