Horabagrus: Taken from mister S.L.Hora, director of Zoological Survey of India + Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex sp.
Although the sun catfish can reach 45cm (18in) although 30cm (12in) is far more likely in the aquarium. Some popular aquarium books list the fish as only growing to 12cms (5in) which is an error. Sun catfish are quite peaceful but they won't give a seconds thought about eating any small fish which they come across.
In the wild environment H. brachysoma eats a wide range of items including: Plant matter, detritus, fish, amphibians, crustaceans, insects and worms. In captivity they will accept all live, frozen and prepared food. A varied diet will help to keep the fish in full health. It is illegal to use live vertebrates (including fish) as food in the UK. In the case of H. brachysoma live food isn't necessary because it will accept all other food with out any problem.
H. brachysoma is peaceful with other peaceful fish which are to large to be eaten. It will live happily alongside a variety of fish in a wide range of habitats.
Females have large, soft and distended abdomens when adult males have a reddish vent.
H. brachysoma has not been bred by hobbyists.
Horabagrus brachysoma is listed as being vulnerable and in decline in the wild despite being artificially increased in some regions. Over exploitation, and habitat loss are the two major threats facing this species.
There are only two known Horabagrus. H. brachysoma and H. nigricollaris both are occasionally available in fish stores. The two fish are visually very similar the main difference is in the dark blotch on the fishes flanks. The mark on H. brachysoma is almost round but on H. nigricollaris the mark extends upwards to the fishes dorsal region.
pH: 6 - 7.5
dGH: 5 - 19
Temperature: 23 - 25°C (74 - 78°F)
Size: 45cm (18in)
Min tank size: 675 litres
Difficulty level: Intermediate
Aquarium type: Special community
Swimming level: All levels
Origin: Asia: Kerala, India.
Habitat: H. brachysoma occupies lowland areas of rivers and backwaters with mud or sand substrate. It has also been recorded in deep pools and hill streams.
Species: H. brachysoma (Günther, 1864)
Other common names:
Synonyms: Pseudobagrus brachysoma, Pseudobagrus chryseus, Macrones chryseus, Mystus chryseus